There is a lot of misinformation regarding the ages that growth takes place, how tall you will likely be, and what the exact roles of heredity and environment have on your growth. Throughout your life you will constantly generate human growth hormone. Maintaining your bodies chemical balance and cell rejuvenation are two main reasons your body generates Human Growth Hormones (HGH). Whether you are looking forward to increasing your linear height, developing bone density, or regenerating your bone cells, human growth hormone can be manufactured in great amounts and is distributed most often during certain periods of your life. There are a number of factors that, if manipulated correctly, will substantially increase growth hormone levels in your body.
It is quite common for boys and girls to grow suddenly as they enter puberty. This is called the growth spurt. The graph below shows this more clearly:
Growth takes place from time of fertilisation to about age thirty and it is seldom smooth, regular, and predictable. Most girls will have their growth spurt between ages 10 and 14, during the early stages of puberty. During this growth spurt that lasts for a year or two, growth is rapid. They can grow as much as 3½ inches per year during this duration. Hence, it is common for 12 and 13 year old girls to be taller and heavier than boys.
Most boys start puberty and begin their growth spurt between ages 13 and 15. Their growth spurt also lasts for a year or two and during this period they may gain as much as 4½ inches per year. By age 15, it is common for boys to become taller and heavier than girls. After the growth spurt, growth continues but slows down to a steadier rate.
It is important to note that growth spurt can occur within a wide age range. Each individual may experience growth spurt earlier or later than the average age. Although it is widely accepted that an individual’s maximum height is achieved by the late teens, it is however incorrect. Most girls reach their full height by 17 while most boys by 19, although lots of individuals continue to grow into the twenties. The vertebrae in the spinal column continue to grow in length and width until about age thirty.
The growth you experience and the height that you ultimately acquire is the result or heredity and the environment. Therefore it will be incorrect to assume that the maximum height you obtain is solely the result of heredity.
Environmental factors that affect your height include disease, stress, nutrition, exercise and sleep. They are just as important as heredity in determining growth. You may have little or no control over your genes, but you may manipulate the environment you are in. By understanding these factors, you can use them to your full advantage.
Hormones are chemicals produced by special cells in glands and other organs of the body. Most hormones are produced by cells in the endocrine glands. These hormones are produced in very small amounts and are released into the bloodstream and travel to the organ or tissue where their effect takes place. Several hormones are involved in regulating growth. Some act directly on organs, while others act by triggering the production of other hormones, which activates specific organ functions that is necessary for growth. Growth hormone is a protein produced particularly by the pituitary gland. Proteins are made of building blocks known as amino acids. Located in the centre of our brain, the pituitary gland is often called the master gland because it controls the release of many of the body’s hormones.
Overview of some of the most important hormones
There are two unnatural ways to increase growth hormone level – growth hormone-releasing products and injections.
Growth hormone-releasing products such as glycine, glutamine, agrinine, ornithine, niacin, and 16 other amino acids can be obtained without prescription. These substances are usually used by bodybuilders. Some of them are good for boosting immunity, protecting the liver, fighting cancer, rebuilding body tissue after surgery or trauma, amongst many other applications.
Some types of amino acids help produce growth hormone and with proper exercises may increase your growth. Performing this self-treatment without medical supervision, especially for children, is not recommended. These drugs have to be taken in proper dosage and some of them need to be combined with other drugs or nutrients. Improper usage may cause you grievous health problems. There are many side effects such as diarrhoea, low toxicity, headache, drowsiness, muscle spasms, dizziness high blood pressure, nervousness, depression, hair loss, gaining weight, and many more.
Manmade growth hormone is administered by a series of injections that could cost anywhere from USD12,000 to USD18,000 a year. It is usually prescribed after careful evaluation of an individual’s growth pattern and growth potential. These injections may help you grow, but inducing growth too quickly may inhibit growth at a later stage. Growth hormone may produce various other side effects such as high cholesterol, diabetes, liver abnormalities, increased tissue stiffness, carpal tunnel syndrome, musculoskeletal disease, neuropathy, allergic reactions, pancreatitis, hyperglycemia, visual deterioration, headaches, vomiting, increased liver enzyme levels, increased sweating, edema, pain in general and back pain specifically. If you receive these injections, your body will adapt to this drug, and will refuse to produce natural growth hormone after you stop receiving injections. If you think these procedures are not for you, read further.
Exercise, stress and emotional excitement induce growth hormone release. On the other hand, obesity and fatty acids inhibits the release of growth hormone. It is growth hormone that grows the cells, bones, muscles, and organs of our bodies.